Monday, October 14, 2013

October 12-13

"The Department of Veterans Affairs bought $562,000 worth of artwork. ... the Navy paid $51,000 for clarinets and $21,000 for an organ. The Army spent $40,000 on violins."

--Domani Spero, "State Dept’s Made in the USA Glass Stemware Makes News on Shutdown Week," DiploPundit, noting that "In many cases, agencies must spend all their allotted funds by September 30, the end of the fiscal year. If they don’t, they lose the money, or Congress could cut short their future funding." Image from;  See also John Brown, "A Modest Proposal: Make the Pentagon Our Very Own Ministry of Culture!" Huffington Post (2009)


The Upcoming Geneva P5+1 Round: An Opportunity to Explore - "Iran and the United States are each saying that the other side should come up with a new proposal when the P5+1 negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program resume in Geneva on October 15-16.

But the upcoming talks, the first at the sub-cabinet level since a meeting in Almaty in April and the first since the June election of President Rouhani, will be more productive if they produce an informal exploration of what is possible rather than the introduction of detailed formal proposals. ... Still, even if Geneva doesn’t produce tangible results, it is important for the Iranian negotiating team to demonstrate convincingly that all the encouraging words coming from Iran in recent weeks are not just rhetoric and clever public diplomacy but instead reflect a new willingness in Tehran to reach a compromise solution that alleviates international concerns about the nature of its nuclear program." Image from entry

Freezing Aid Without A Strategy - Jonathan Guyer, "This week Washington announced a downgrading of aid to Cairo, which flows annually to the tune of $1.3 billion. ... Washington has done itself a disservice by evacuating non-essential embassy staff on July 5, warning against travel, and cancelling the Fulbright fellowship program (full disclosure: I was one of the Fulbrighters affected). These precautions are understandable on a security level, but they’re a blow to public diplomacy."

US Consulate General Encourages Nigerian Youths on Personal Effectiveness - "The Consulate General last week embarked on entrepreneurship training for 50 members of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) members with the aim of encouraging them to be self-reliant rather than waiting endlessly for jobs. Speaking during the program tagged 'Enhancing Personal Effectiveness' organized by the U.S. Consulate General in collaboration with Startup Hub, a Social Enterprise that seeks to inspire Nigerian Youth

to think outside the box and start businesses instead of waiting for jobs, the U.S. Public Diplomacy Officer Rhonda Watson encouraged the youths to determine specific goals for their lives and proactively choose their response to circumstances rather than reacting without regard for the consequences. Using 'The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People' as a template to drive her points, Ms. Watson told them about the need for effective communication in order to 'become the best version of themselves.'” Image from entry

U.S. Public Diplomacy in Africa: Two Public Diplomacies - Amelia H. Arsenault,
PD News–CPD Blog, USC Center on Public Diplomacy: "[I]n terms of U.S. diplomacy in general, public diplomacy more specifically, and academic attention to public diplomacy in particular, the African continent appears tangential. ... Africa remains, however, a dynamic continent, one that deserves more consideration—from both the U.S. media and public diplomacy practitioners working at every level. The current range of public diplomacy 2.0 activities taking place in different African countries represent a first step in leveraging the opportunities for more sustained engagement wrought by the dissemination of new communication technologies across the continent. They may provide critical infrastructure, if and when the Obama and subsequent administrations decide to move away from short-term outreach based on crisis management or furthering U.S. economic or military interests and towards a long-term goal built on collaboration and dialogue with a diverse range of African publics."

After the ”Shutdown,” Threat ”Default” American Start Restless World - "'The U.S. government must avoid a situation where they are unable to pay these debts. They should be cautious and aware when it happens, then the U.S. may fall into fiscal crisis,' said the Minister Taro Aso. ... This is the first comment that the Japanese government disclosed that since the termination of the operation, the Federal Government (shutdown ) issued at the end of September.

Previously, Head of Cabinet, Yoshihide Suga and Aso, trying to ignore their concerns over the situation in the U.S. by saying that it is a domestic issue of Uncle Sam. It was also revealed by the Director General of Press and Public Diplomacy Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan, Kuni Sato, in a closed meeting with several media, including the headline, on the sidelines of the APEC summit in Bali on Tuesday, October 7, 2013. Sato told Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, do not say anything related shutdown issues and U.S. debt deadline.' He did not comment on the shutdown event or the impact of these actions on the economy of Japan. For Abe, it is an internal problem facing the U.S.,' said Sato. Sato also said Abe did not make the absence of President Barack Obama at the APEC summit, because whatever agenda will continue as usual, including talks on the Trans – Pacific Partnership (TPP)." Image from entry

Leaders' Bilateral Talks Mark First Day Of APEC Summit - "According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, all members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) had prioritized partnerships to help further boost cooperation. 'We are mindful that all APEC members have built partnerships and displayed a spirit of cooperation since the Senior Officials' Meeting (SOM) and following the ministers' talks,' Abdurrahman Muhammad Fachir, the Director General of Public Diplomacy and Information at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, said on Monday."

Winner 2013 - Hillary Rodham Clinton - "Hillary Clinton has been awarded this year’s Chatham House Prize in recognition of her significant and impressive contribution to

international diplomacy as US Secretary of State and her work on behalf of gender equality and opportunities for women and girls. ... Her creation and implementation of the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) made a bold comment on the importance of comprehensive diplomacy and 'civilian power'. Her understanding and use of public diplomacy demonstrated that values and ideas must be promoted through two-way dialogue, especially in the age of social media." Image from entry

Another kind of government shutdown - Melissa Aronczyk, "Advertising and politics have long been intertwined in the national conversation. Back in 2001, former ad executive Charlotte Beers was appointed by George W. Bush as US Under-Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. To many, the appointment represented a doomed attempt to reassert America’s values of freedom and democracy through a fundamentally incompatible means of mass communication: advertising. New York Times columnist Frank Rich was despondent, writing that Beers was chosen 'not for her expertise in policy or politics but for her salesmanship on behalf of domestic products like Head and Shoulders shampoo. If we can’t effectively fight anthrax, I guess it’s reassuring to know we can always win

the war on dandruff.' Historians like T.J. Jackson Lears have documented the marriage of advertising and politics much earlier, linking it to America’s propaganda needs in World War I." Image from

Prime Minister Netanyahu as international broadcaster fell short as public diplomacy - Kim Andrew Elliott reporting on International Broadcasting: "RFE/RL, 7 Oct 2013, Robert Coalson: 'In his first interview with a Persian-language media outlet, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had a lot of harsh things to say about Iran and its government. But the comment that really struck a nerve touched on fashion. 'I think if the Iranian people had freedom they would wear jeans, listen to Western music, and have free elections,' Netanyahu told the BBC's Persian Service in an interview published on October 5. The faux pas set off a wave of ridicule from Iranians who rushed to post photos of themselves wearing jeans on social media, often with snide comments about the quality of the work done by the Israeli spies that are assumed to be blanketing Iran. The #jeans and #jeansiniran hashtags took off on Twitter, with many posts being aggregated on other sites. 'My countrymen wear blue jeans and they listen to Western music and they are amazing and don't you dare patronize us. EVER!' wrote one Twitter user.' See previous post about same subject."

Netanyahu Takes a Lonely Stance Denouncing Iran - Jodi Rudoren, New York Times: "With a series of major speeches — three more are scheduled next week — and an energetic media blitz, Mr. Netanyahu, 63, has embarked on the public-diplomacy campaign of his career, trying to prevent what he worries will be 'a bad deal' with Iran. Insisting on a complete halt to uranium enrichment and no easing of the economic sanctions he helped galvanize the world to impose on Iran, Mr. Netanyahu

appears out of step with a growing Western consensus toward reaching a diplomatic deal that would require compromise." Image from article, with caption: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu at the United Nations General Assembly in October.

Israel Looks to Eurasia to Achieve Top Energy and National Security Goals - Allison Good,  "In September, Knesset Speaker Yuli Edelstein and his Cypriot counterpart signed a protocol for cooperation, and Edelstein expressed his hope for 'further economic cooperation

and greater trade and investment in Cyprus.' Israel and Cyprus are also engaging in public diplomacy. Last month, Cypriot foreign minister Ioannis Kasoulides presided over the signing of an agreement between the University of Cyprus and the Israeli Embassy in Nicosia for the creation of a Jewish studies program at a local university." Image from entry, with caption: Former Cypriot President Demetris Christofias (L) with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. 

Global public opinion poll reveals an increasingly negative view of China: China could do with an image makeover, judging by the increasingly negative perceptions of the country revealed in a global public opinion poll, writes Kate Whitehead - South China Morning Post: "First up the good news for China: around the world people increasingly see the country as an emerging superpower, or indeed a superpower already. The bad news? They don't much like China. Public opinion, especially in the US, towards China is at an all-time low. That's according to a recent survey by the Pew Research Centre, which surprised Bruce Stokes, director of the global economic programme

at the Pew Research Centre's Global Attitudes Project. 'This duality - seeing China as a superpower and yet the declining favour - seems to contradict itself, but maybe not. Maybe people see it, but they don't like it.' ... When the centre conducted its first study in 2002 it was expecting to learn something about the impact of globalisation. Instead, the shock finding when the results were released in 2003 was the surge in anti-American sentiment, in a large part due to involvement in Iraq. The US government responded by setting up a new department focused on public diplomacy. 'It would make total sense that if the Chinese see this data - and their own surveys must show the same thing - that they would say 'we need to fix this, we need public diplomacy,' says Stokes."Image from article, with caption: Chinese workers walk past a "Chinese Dream" promotion billboard in Beijing.

The Sinocism China Newsletter 10.11.13 - "China’s foreign propaganda chief outlines external communication priorities | China Copyright and Media. This article was first published in today’s People’s Daily. Cai Mingzhao, director of the Foreign Propaganda Office (or State Council Information Office) discusses the future priorities in public diplomacy work in the light of Xi Jinping’s recent speech at the National Propaganda and Ideology Work Conference."

Voice of China: In pursuit of soft power - Charmaine Pretorius, "Whereas hard power refers to economic and military coercion, soft power, a term coined by international relations expert and Harvard University Professor Joseph S. Nye, is the ability of a country to attain what it wants by attracting and persuading others to adopt

its goals through threats or financial means. There are several tools in a country’s soft power kit, including cultural influence, political ideology and public diplomacy. With the advent of the information age, the influence of mass media as a soft power tool has become increasingly important. China is endorsing this influence of the media in its ambitions to become a global power." Image from entry, with caption: Headquarters; CCTV Tower

Sri Lanka: Coming To Term With New Environment – Analysis - R. Hariharan, "[T]he maiden visit of Indian Minister for External Affairs Salman Khurshid on October 7 and 8 assumes greater importance than merely meeting with his counterpart . ... There was a welcome effort at public diplomacy during the Indian MEA’s visit. In the two public interactions, the MEA spelled out his perceptions on some of the major issues after interacting with his counterpart and the President."

Major MEA divisions may soon see splits and mergers - Devirupa Mitra, "In the sandstone corridors of South Block, there is intense speculation that major changes are afoot in the MEA with divisions

being broken up and merged. ... Besides breaking a division, there is also talk about a merger of the External Publicity and Public Diplomacy— effectively bringing them back to their original state." Uncaptioned image from entry

Estrategia y diplomacia pública: el tiempo de la política: La diplomacia pública ha ganado espacio en los estudios de comunicación política internacional en los últimos años. La creación del Alto Comisionado para la Marca España, el peso de la diplomacia pública en el Servicio Europeo de Acción Exterior (EEAS en sus siglas en inglés), la sucesión de grandes eventos en Brasil o la fuerte inversión de los países del Golfo Pérsico en internacionalizar sus ciudades son buenos ejemplos de cómo la comunicación ha asumido una función fundamental en las relaciones internacionales - Juan Luis Manfredi,

New organisation set up to promote music education and cultural diplomacy: Conductor Riccardo Muti to be honorary president of EMMA for Peace, supported by UNESCO - Elizabeth Davis, "A new organisation called EMMA for Peace has been launched to support and promote music education and cultural dialogue across the Mediterranean and the Middle East. EMMA for Peace, or the Euro Mediterranean Music Academy, is supported by UNESCO.

And, according to its website, the organisation aims to create a network of music institutions ‘brought together in the shared interest of music and the promotion of peace in the Mediterranean and Middle East regions.'" Image from article

Malala Is A Rare Leader—But Pakistanis Aren’t Following - Rob Asghar, PD News–CPD Blog, USC Center on Public Diplomacy: "While Malala was triumphantly returning from a Taliban assassination attempt and delivering a powerful speech at the United Nations

on her 16th birthday this past July, ordinary Pakistanis were snidely dismissing the teen as a tool of the CIA and Western puppet-masters. Malala image from entry

Globally, ‘girl power’ should be much more than a slogan - PSA Staff, Partnership for a Secure America: "This article was co-authored by Tara Sonenshine.

Tara D. Sonenshine is former Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs. She is currently a Distinguished Fellow at George Washington University’s School of Media and Public Affairs."

Public-Relations Authors - "Jem Thomas Jem Thomas has had a varied career in the Royal Navy, specialising in intelligence and then media and public relations, and now specialising in strategic communications and communication aspects of crisis and issue management. ... His experience and knowledge have resulted in his focus on public diplomacy, media relations, strategic communications, issue and crisis management."

Eurocham Hk at The 2012 General Meeting of European Business Organisations Worldwide Network - "Representatives from the Directorate General and the European Parliament included: ... E. Pedersen, Financial Officer, Public Diplomacy and Election Observation (FPI)"

Profile: Jannet Duijndam - Caroline Bugler, "Jannet Duijndam is just a month into her four-year post as Counsellor for Press, Public Diplomacy and Culture when

we share a coffee in the Dutch Embassy [in London]." Image from entry

Scandinavian Journal of History, Volume 37, Issue 5, 2012 - Andreas Åkerlund, "National Relations. Public diplomacy, national identity and the Swedish Institute 1945–1970," Scandinavian Journal of History, Volume 37, Issue 5, 2012."


Cutting aid to Egypt's generals: The U.S. action may not cause the country's military rulers to change course, but it will get their attention - Editorial, The benefits Obama plans to deny Egypt are significant in dollar terms and in the currency of national prestige. This rebuke may not persuade the generals to change course, but it will get their attention. And the United States will have redeemed somewhat its reputation as a champion of democracy.

The Miracle of Growth and ‘The Great Escape’ - Clive Crook, In “The Great Escape: Health, Wealth and the Origins of Inequality,” Angus Deaton sets out to tell a familiar story -- that of the long arc of global economic advance -- in a fresh way. Deaton is a foreign-aid skeptic, and he explains why. The essential point was crisply stated more than 40 years ago by Peter Bauer: “If all conditions for development other than capital are present, capital will soon be generated locally, or will be available to the government or to private businesses on commercial terms from abroad, the capital to be serviced out of higher tax revenues or from the profits of the enterprise. If, however, the conditions for development are not present, then aid -- which in these circumstances will be the only source of external capital -- will be necessarily unproductive and therefore ineffective.”

Nobel Prize part of West’s propaganda fog - Finian Cunningham, "The Nobel Peace Prize should be renamed the Nobel Propaganda Prize, after this year’s ever-so contrived award to the UN-approved chemical weapons team sent to disarm Syria.

Other dubious winners of the “illustrious” prize include the accused war criminal, former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, who oversaw the genocidal carpet-bombing of Indochina during the 1970s.

Nobel Peace Prize CIA, MI6, Mossad, Pentagon, BBC, NYT Propaganda Fog - Lew Rockwell, Finian Cunningham: writes: The Nobel Peace Prize should be renamed the Nobel Propaganda Prize, after this year’s ever-so contrived award to the UN-approved chemical weapons team sent to disarm Syria. Other dubious winners of the “illustrious” prize include the accused war criminal, former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, who oversaw the genocidal carpet-bombing of Indochina during the 1970s.

'Star Wars Rebels': NYCC exclusive! Check out propaganda art from the new spinoff - Darren Franich, "We still don’t know very much about Star Wars Rebels, the animated spinoff set between prequel and original trilogies. We know it will premiere in fall 2014 with a one-hour special on the Disney Channel, which segues into a series on Disney XD. And big news is expected from the Rebels panel that is taking place tomorrow afternoon at New York Comic Con. To tide you over until then, EW is excited to share with you an exclusive piece of propaganda art that will appear on the show.

The art depicts three stormtroopers and is designed in a nifty retro-Soviet style. The poster has some words written in the language of Aurebesh. (Special no-prize to the first person who can translate it!) Could the poster contain some deeper hints about Rebels? Maybe it will star Davin Felth? Probably not, but can’t us Davinheads dream?"


--Via Paul Rockower, Levantine, regarding the controversy about Washington D.C.'s professional football team being named "Redskins"; Rockower offers a new name: The Washington Rednecks


Invasive species for dinner? Add a grain of salt - Annabelle Tometich, USA Today: They're destroying our reefs, uprooting native plants, strangling our birds, choking our waterways and sucking the stucco right off our homes. Florida's invasive species — lionfish, feral hogs, Burmese pythons, water hyacinth, giant African land snails — have caused a slew of troubles.

One possible solution seems simple enough: Let's eat them. In Fort Myers, you can find python fillets on pizza and wild boar on spaghetti. In Miami, they're frying whole lionfish and serving it with mango salsa.  Image from article, with caption: A Giant African land snail is seen in this handout picture from the Florida Department of Agriculture; see also.


--Above image from; middle image from; bottom image from




Wait, this is a Partial List of Federal Depts and Agencies? - [Scroll down for public-diplomacy related items]: You don’t think the government is too big? Here’s a partial list of federal departments and agencies, courtesy of USA.GOV. This list doesn’t tell anywhere close to the full story.

It doesn’t include all of the various redundant divisions, offices, foundations, services and institutes. And it doesn’t include all of the overlapping state and local agencies. But it does include:

AbilityOne Commission
Access Board
Administration for Children and Families (ACF)
Administration for Native Americans
Administration on Aging (AoA)
Administration on Developmental Disabilities
Administrative Conference of the United States
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts
Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
African Development Foundation
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Agency for International Development (USAID)
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Agricultural Marketing Service
Agricultural Research Service
Agriculture Department
Air Force
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives Bureau
American Battle Monuments Commission
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
Antitrust Division
Appalachian Regional Commission
Architect of the Capitol
Archives (National Archives and Records Administration)
Arctic Research Commission
Armed Forces Retirement Home
Arms Control and International Security
Army Corps of Engineers
Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Interagency Coordinating Committee
Bankruptcy Courts
Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Program
Bonneville Power Administration
Botanic Garden
Broadcasting Board of Governors
Bureau of Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection
Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA)
Bureau of Engraving and Printing
Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA)
Bureau of Industry and Security
Bureau of International Labor Affairs
Bureau of Justice Statistics
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)
Bureau of Prisons
Bureau of Reclamation
Bureau of the Census
Bureau of the Public Debt
Bureau of Transportation Statistics
Capitol Police
Capitol Visitor Center
Census Bureau
Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board
Chief Acquisition Officers Council
Chief Financial Officers Council
Chief Human Capital Officers Council
Chief Information Officers Council
Citizens’ Stamp Advisory Committee
Citizenship and Immigration Services
Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
Coast Guard
Commerce Department
Commission of Fine Arts
Commission on Civil Rights
Commission on International Religious Freedom
Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (Helsinki Commission)
Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
Community Planning and Development
Compliance, Office of
Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US CERT)
Congress—U.S. House of Representatives
Congress—U.S. Senate
Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
Congressional Research Service
Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC)
Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Copyright Office
Corporation for National and Community Service
Corps of Engineers
Council of Economic Advisers
Council on Environmental Quality
Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces
Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
Court of Federal Claims
Court of International Trade
Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency for the District of Columbia
Customs and Border Protection
Defense Acquisition University
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)
Defense Commissary Agency
Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA)
Defense Contract Management Agency
Department of Defense (DOD)
Defense Field Activities
Defense Finance and Accounting Services (DFAS)
Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)
Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA)
Defense Legal Services Agency
Defense Logistics Agency (DLA)
Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board
Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA)
Defense Security Service (DSS)
Defense Technical Information Center
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA)
Delaware River Basin Commission
Denali Commission
Department of Agriculture
Department of Commerce
Department of Defense Inspector General
Department of Education (ED)
Department of Energy (DOE)
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
Department of Justice (DOJ)
Department of Labor (DOL)
Department of State (DOS)
Department of the Interior (DOI)
Department of the Treasury
Department of Transportation (DOT)
Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)
Director of National Intelligence, Office of
Domestic Policy Council
Drug Enforcement Administration
Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy
Economic Adjustment Office
Economic Analysis, Bureau of
Economic Development Administration (EDA)
Economic Research Service
Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs
Economics and Statistics Administration
Education Department
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC)
Election Assistance Commission
Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of
Employee Benefits Security Administration (EBSA)
Employment and Training Administration
Endangered Species Program
Energy Department
Energy Information Administration
English Language Acquisition Office
Engraving and Printing, Bureau of
Environmental Management (Energy Department)
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
European Command
Executive Office for Immigration Review
Export-Import Bank of the United States
Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO)
Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae)
Farm Credit Administration
Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation
Farm Service Agency
Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Federal Bureau of Prisons
Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
Federal Consulting Group
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)
Federal Election Commission
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
Federal Executive Boards
Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
Federal Financing Bank
Federal Geographic Data Committee
Federal Highway Administration
Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac)
Federal Housing Finance Agency
Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds
Federal Interagency Committee on Education
Federal Interagency Council on Statistical Policy
Federal Judicial Center
Federal Labor Relations Authority
Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer
Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
Federal Library and Information Center Committee
Federal Maritime Commission
Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA)
Federal Railroad Administration
Federal Register
Federal Reserve System
Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board
Federal Student Aid Information Center
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
Federal Transit Administration
Federal Voting Assistance Program
Financial Management Service
Fiscal Responsibility and Reform Commission
Fish and Wildlife Service
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Food Safety and Inspection Service
Foreign Agricultural Service
Foreign Claims Settlement Commission
Forest Service
Fossil Energy
Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board
General Services Administration (GSA)
Geological Survey
Global Affairs (State Department)
Government Accountability Office (GAO)
Government Ethics, Office of
Government National Mortgage Association
Government Printing Office (GPO)
Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration
Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation
Health and Human Services Department
Health Resources and Services Administration
Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control Office
Helsinki Commission
Holocaust Memorial Museum
Homeland Security Department
House of Representatives
House Office of Inspector General
House Office of the Clerk
Housing Office (HUD)
Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Indian Affairs
Indian Arts and Crafts Board
Indian Health Service
Industrial College of the Armed Forces
Industry and Security, Bureau of
Information Resource Management College
Information Resources Center
Innovation and Improvement Office
Inspectors General
Institute of Education Sciences
Institute of Museum and Library Services
Institute of Peace
Inter-American Foundation
Interagency Alternative Dispute Resolution Working Group
Interagency Council on Homelessness
Interior Department
Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
International Labor Affairs, Bureau of
International Trade Administration (ITA)
International Trade Commission
James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation
Japan-United States Friendship Commission
Job Corps
John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries
Joint Chiefs of Staff
Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies
Joint Fire Science Program
Joint Forces Command
Joint Forces Staff College
Joint Military Intelligence College
Judicial Circuit Courts of Appeal
Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation
Justice Department
Justice Programs, Office of
Justice Statistics, Bureau of
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of
Labor Department (DOL)
Labor Statistics, Bureau of
Land Management, Bureau of
Legal Services Corporation
Library of Congress
Marine Corps
Marine Mammal Commission
Maritime Administration
Marketing and Regulatory Programs (Agriculture Department)
Marshals Service
Mediation and Conciliation Service
Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
Merit Systems Protection Board
Migratory Bird Conservation Commission
Military Postal Service Agency
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Mine Safety and Health Administration
Minority Business Development Agency
Missile Defense Agency (MDA)
Mississippi River Commission
Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation
Multifamily Housing Office
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
National Agricultural Statistics Service
National AIDS Policy Office
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA)
National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare
National Capital Planning Commission
National Cemetery Administration (NCA)
National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform
National Constitution Center
National Council on Disability (NCD)
National Counterintelligence Executive, Office of
National Credit Union Administration
National Defense University
National Defense University iCollege
National Drug Intelligence Center
National Economic Council
National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Humanities
National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP)
National Gallery of Art
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Guard
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
National Indian Gaming Commission
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
National Institute of Justice
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Intelligence University
National Interagency Fire Center
National Labor Relations Board
National Laboratories (Energy Department)
National Marine Fisheries Service
National Mediation Board
National Nuclear Security Administration
National Ocean Service
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Park Foundation
National Park Service
National Passport Information Center (NPIC)
National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK)
National Reconnaissance Office
National Science Foundation
National Security Agency (NSA)
National Security Council
National Technical Information Service
National Telecommunications and Information Administration
National Transportation Safety Board
National War College
National Weather Service (NOAA)
Natural Resources Conservation Service
Northern Command
Northwest Power and Conservation Council
Nuclear Energy, Science and Technology
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
Office for Civil Rights, Department of Education
Office of Community Planning and Development
Office of Compliance
Office of Disability Employment Policy
Office of Elementary and Secondary Education (OESE)
Office of Fossil Energy
Office of Government Ethics
Office of Justice Programs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
Office of Nuclear Energy (Department of Energy)
Office of Personnel Management (OPM)
Office of Refugee Resettlement
Office of Science and Technology Policy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Office of Special Counsel
Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS)
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC)
Office of the Director of National Intelligence
Office of the Federal Register
Office of the Pardon Attorney
Open World Leadership Center
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Pacific Command
Pacific Northwest Electric Power and Conservation Planning Council
Pardon Attorney, Office of
Parole Commission (Justice Department)
Peace Corps
Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC)
Pentagon Force Protection Agency
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
Policy Development and Research (HUD)
Political Affairs (State Department)
Postal Regulatory Commission
Postal Service
Power Administrations
President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports
Presidio Trust
Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office
Public and Indian Housing
Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs (State Department)
Radio and TV Marti
Radio Free Asia (RFA)
Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (RFE/RL)
Railroad Retirement Board (RRB)
Reclamation, Bureau of
Refugee Resettlement, Office of
Regulatory Information Service Center
Rehabilitation Services Administration (Education Department)
Research and Innovative Technology Administration
Risk Management Agency (Agriculture Department)
Rural Business and Cooperative Programs
Rural Development
Rural Housing Service
Rural Utilities Service
Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation
Science and Technology Policy, Office of
Science Office (Energy Department)
Scientific and Technical Information, Office of
Secret Service
Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)
Selective Service System (SSS)
Small Business Administration (SBA)
Smithsonian Institution
Social Security Administration (SSA)
Social Security Advisory Board
Southeastern Power Administration
Southern Command
Southwestern Power Administration
Special Forces Operations Command
State Department
State Justice Institute
Stennis Center for Public Service
Strategic Command
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Supreme Court of the United States
Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement
Surface Transportation Board
Susquehanna River Basin Commission
Tax Court
Taxpayer Advocacy Panel
Tennessee Valley Authority
Trade and Development Agency
Transportation Command
Transportation Department
Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
Transportation Statistics, Bureau of
Treasury Department
TRICARE Management
Trustee Program
U.S. AbilityOne Commission
U.S. Access Board
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
U.S. Air Force
U.S. Arctic Research Commission
U.S. Army
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
U.S. Botanic Garden
U.S. Capitol Police
U.S. Capitol Visitor Center
U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM)
U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeal
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
U.S. Coast Guard
U.S. Commission of Fine Arts
U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom
U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC)
U.S. Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims
U.S. Customs and Border Protection
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
U.S. Department of the Treasury
U.S. Election Assistance Commission (EAC)
U.S. Fleet Forces Command
U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)
U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement
U.S. International Trade Commission
U.S. Military Academy, West Point
U.S. Mission to the United Nations
U.S. National Central Bureau – Interpol (Justice Department)
U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
U.S. Postal Service (USPS)
U.S. Senate
U.S. Sentencing Commission
U.S. Trade and Development Agency
U.S. Trade Representative
U.S. Trustee Program
Unified Combatant Commands (Defense Department)
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
United States Mint
United States Postal Inspection Service
Veterans Affairs Department (VA)
Veterans Benefits Administration
Veterans Day National Committee
Veterans Employment and Training Service (VETS)
Veterans’ Employment and Training Service
Vietnam Education Foundation
Voice of America
Washington Headquarters Services
Weather Service
Weights and Measures Division
West Point (Army)
Western Area Power Administration
White House
White House Commission on Presidential Scholars
White House Office of Administration
Women’s Bureau (Labor Department)
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

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