Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Expanding the CPD Faculty Fellows Program; see also; more generally, on American universities, see.

To sound "philosophical," the simply put, once a dynamic, all-too-human person-to-person sharing of ideas/impressions -- public diplomacy, with all its many "propagandistic" faults -- has now become "academic," i.e., its death cry:
"When philosophy paints its gray on gray, then has a form of life grown old, and with gray on gray it cannot be rejuvenated, but only known; the Owl of Minerva first takes flight with twilight closing in."
--G. W. F. Hegel, "Preface," Philosophy of Right

The mostly unreadable "scholarly" jargon of most "specialised, scholarly" PD journals/publications nobody except their prose-challenged coterie of authors (if their authors do in fact manage to express in plain terms about what they're talking about).

Here's a CPU announcement:
CPD's non-residential faculty fellowship is comprised of scholars engaged in public diplomacy research and who support the Center's mission to advance and enrich the study and practice of public diplomacy. To date, this group, which serves on a volunteer basis; [JB note: I do hope these venerable but ignored academics get some kind of honorarium in these hard times!]
[JB emphasis: impertinent Q: how many of these distinguished persons have actually served as PD "diplomats"? ]

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The newest CPD Faculty Fellows to join this distinguished group are:
Corneliu Bjola, Associate Professor of Diplomatic Studies, University of Oxford
Caitlln Byrne, Assistant Professor of International Relations, Bond University
Kathy Fitzpatrick, Professor, School of Communication, American University
Bruce Gregory, Professorial Lecturer, School of Media and Public Affairs, George Washington University
Jeong-Nam Kim, Gaylord Family Chair of Public Relations and Strategic Communication, University of Oklahoma
Jan Melissen, Senior Research Fellow, Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael)
Erik Nisbet, Associate Professor, School of Communication, The Ohio State University
James Pamment, Senior Lecturer, Department of Strategic Communication, Lund University
Vivian Walker, Professor of National Security Studies, National War College
R.S. Zaharna, Professor, School of Communication, American University
In addition to working together on ways to leverage our strengths through joint research projects and proposals, CPD Faculty Fellows contribute to various publications hosted on the Center's website including the CPD Blog, the CPD Perspectives series, public events or teach in our professional training programs.For a full list of CPD Faculty Fellows, click here.

FY 2018 Congressional Budget Justification - Secretary's Letter | U.S. Department of Stat..; see also.
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May 23, 2017
America continues to be the world’s beacon of freedom and the greatest force for good and stability. This year’s budget request addresses the challenges to American leadership abroad and the importance of defending our national security interests. It acknowledges that U.S. diplomacy engagement and aid programs must be more efficient and more effective, and that advancing our national security, our economic interests, and our values will remain our primary mission. This budget is responsive to the realities of the world in the 21st century, and the need for a State Department that operates with maximum flexibility in an ever-changing international environment. An optimally functioning State Department and USAID will deploy funding that restores the leadership the American people and allies depend on for stability, security, and prosperity. This budget reflects a commitment to ensure every tax dollar spent is aligned with mission-critical objectives. 
The FY 2018 budget request for the State Department and USAID is $37.6 billion. This budget request supports the President’s “America First” vision with a commitment to four key national priorities:
  • Defending U.S. National Security
  • Asserting U.S. Leadership and Influence
  • Fostering Opportunities for U.S. Economic Interests
  • Ensuring Effectiveness and Accountability to the U.S. Taxpayer
The FY 2018 request of $37.6 billion includes $25.6 billion in enduring funding, and $12.0 billion in Overseas Contingency Operations funding. To carry out these strategic objectives, the FY 201 8 budget request reflects four high-priority areas: ...
2. Asserting U.S. Leadership and Influence ...
The request includes $820 million in public diplomacy resources and programming. Funding for the Department’s core Public Diplomacy personnel and programs is continued at $535 million, while funding for Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) programs is reduced to focus on proven successful programs, such as Fulbright and the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP). ...
4. Ensuring Effectiveness and Accountability to the U.S. Taxpayer: ...
The FY 201 8 budget eliminates programs that can draw on other private and public resources, to include the Asia Foundation and the East West Center. ...
Rex W. Tillerson
Secretary of State
Tuesday, May 23, 2017 - 12:30pm

Nikki Haley shows moxie, but will she keep her job?

Jennifer Rubin, The Washington Post,

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No Cabinet-level member of the Trump administration has been as fearless and independent as our ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, in speaking out regardless of her boss's position. Perhaps the distance between New York and Washington affords her some latitude. Maybe the not-ready-for-prime-time secretary of state is too lax or clueless to rein her in. At any rate, since taking her post she has slammed the Russians on support for Syria and complicity in human rights atrocities; affirmed that the Western Wall is in Israel; confirmed there is no question that Russia interfered in our election; made clear there can be no peace in Syria as long as Bashar Assad is in power; and put human rights front and center. ...
In short, Haley's outspokenness, rather than evidence of political scheming, reflects, it seems, her true beliefs, her life experience and her adept use of staff. The country should hope she doesn't get canned for being a clear, sincere voice for human rights. In fact, Trump would have a far more effective foreign policy if she replaced Tillerson at State. She at least plainly understands the role of public diplomacy.

Etiquette and Public Diplomacy

Showing posts with label Etiquette and Public DiplomacyShow all posts

Monday, April 14, 2014

Etiquette and a World Citizens Guide

'Ugly American' abroad: Worryingly accurate? The world's worst tourists are American... according to Americans (and they admit to stealing hotel towels too)

Loud and brash, in gawdy garb and baseball caps, more than three million of them flock to other shores every year. Shuffling between tourist sites or preparing to negotiate a business deal, they bemoan the failings of the world outside the United States. That is the image most people have of the "Ugly American Tourist

And then there is this guy...

That's Lord Disick to you! ~ Arrogant, over-materialistic, insensitive and ignorant about local values. That, in short, is the image of the Ugly American abroad.

Scott Disick, famous for impregnating a Kardashian a few times, traveled to London "...and in true Disick fashion, made sure he painted the town red like only he can. Among the hijinks he pulled off during his trip: He became British royalty in an authentic knighting ceremony after purchasing the title over the Internet. "Whether it's Sir Disick, Lord Disick, Count Disick -- becoming royal is going to get me the respect I deserve," Disick said prior to pledging his allegiance to the laws of England and Wales. "I don't have to be walking around like some peasant. I'm royalty!'" Us Magazine

Aside from those who buy titles over the internet, the reputation of the "Ugly American" abroad is not, however, just some cruel stereotype, but - according to the American government itself - worryingly accurate.
  • Survey showed that 20% of Americans polled said they were the worst tourists
  • Americans ranked Chinese second worst at 15%
  • U.S. residents also readily admitted to stealing from hotels
Helpful pamphlet with excellent etiquette tips for anyone traveling out of their own country

 In 2004, the State Department in Washington joined forces with American industry to promote an image make-over by issuing guides for Americans travelling overseas on how to behave.  Under a 2006 programme, the "World Citizens Guide" was issued, featuring 16 etiquette tips on how Americans can help improve America's battered international image. The goal was to create an army of civilian ambassadors. 
From the World Citizens Guide

The guide offers a series of "simple suggestions" under the slogan, "Help your country while you travel for your company". The advice targets a series of common American traits and includes:

• Think as big as you like but talk and act smaller. (In many countries, any form of boasting is considered very rude. Talking about wealth, power or status - corporate or personal - can create resentment.)

• Listen at least as much as you talk. (By all means, talk about America and your life in our country. But also ask people you're visiting about themselves and their way of life.)

• Save the lectures for your kids. (Whatever your subject of discussion, let it be a discussion not a lecture. Justified or not, the US is seen as imposing its will on the world.)

• Think a little locally. (Try to find a few topics that are important in the local popular culture. Remember, most people in the world have little or no interest in the World Series or the Super Bowl. What we call "soccer" is football everywhere else. And it's the most popular sport on the planet.)

• Slow down. (We talk fast, eat fast, move fast, live fast. Many cultures do not.)

• Speak lower and slower. (A loud voice is often perceived as bragging. A fast talker can be seen as aggressive and threatening.)

• Your religion is your religion and not necessarily theirs. (Religion is usually considered deeply personal, not a subject for public discussions.)

• If you talk politics, talk - don't argue. (Steer clear of arguments about American politics, even if someone is attacking US politicians or policies. Agree to disagree.)
From the World Citizens Guide

One of New York's top advertising executives said at the time that surveys consistently showed Americans were viewed as arrogant, 
over-materialistic, insensitive and ignorant about local values. That, in short, is the image of the Ugly American abroad.

The guide also offers tips on the dangers of dressing too casually, the pluses of learning a few words of the local language, use of hand gestures and even map-reading.

Of course, US foreign policy - and perceptions of it - has the biggest impact on the image of Americans abroad. President George W.  Bush recognised this when he appointed Karen Hughes, a close confidante, to head the country's public diplomacy push.  And individual Americans can also make a difference.

According to one business executive, "In many parts of the world, America is not getting the benefit of the doubt right now. People prefer to dump on us instead. But for many people, corporate America is their main point of contact, and that's where we come in."

Business for Diplomatic Action, which was formed in 2004, had in 2006 already distributed 200,000 -passport-sized guides tailored to college students going abroad.

At the time, a spokesman for the National Tourism Agency for Britain said last night: "Americans have a certain reputation which, for the majority, is undeserved. These guidelines sound like good common sense but they're not something the majority of our American visitors need. As tourists, they're out to enjoy themselves and have a good time. We continue to welcome them."

Amy Vanderbilt, circa 1950
The U.S. government has stepped in many times before.  According to Amy Vanderbilt, "During World War II the Government understood the importance of teaching our military men and women some of the subtleties of proper social behavior in foreign lands. Proper American social behavior was not enough. Our soldiers and sailors learned to remove their shoes before entering a Japanese home, or a Mohammedan mosque, or a Buddhist temple. They squatted or sat cross-legged at table and ate out of communal dishes in Mohammedan lands and in various Oriental countries. They tried to remember certain shibboleths and taboos and what English words could not be politely used in English drawing rooms "bloody" and "fanny," for example. They noted that in England "napkin" or "nappie" often meant diaper; "flannel" meant a washcloth, and "serviette" meant a napkin as it does on the Continent. Our truck became a "lorry" or a "van," and our trolley was a "tram," a closet was a "cupboard," and molasses "treacle." "Tea" could be just that or the equivalent of our Sunday night supper. A shower was a "douche" and a tiny toy, a "dinkie," a boutonniere, a "buttonhole." To charge something was "to put it down," and to do an errand was "to run a message." Shortly, under military instruction and because it was more convenient, our men and women learned to do in Rome as the Romans. If this works under the stress of war, it will work in peacetime. As much as possible, while still identifying ourselves as Americans, we should behave as those we visit behave, not try to take the freest manners and language of our Main Streets abroad."

From articles originally printed in the The Telegraph, April 2006  By Philip Sherwell, and the Mail Online, March 2012, US Magazine and Amy Vanderbilt's Complete Book of Etiquette

Trump’s Israel Love Offensive Might Carry a Hefty Price Tag

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Haaretz ...
Trump gave Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, his cabinet ministers and the Israeli public watching at home what most Israeli Jews love to hear. He spoke about the Jewish people’s millennia-old link to the Land of Israel and to Jerusalem; he spoke about persecution, pogroms and the Holocaust, but also about rebirth, making the desert bloom and Israel’s economic success.
Trump presented Israel the way most Israelis like to think of it — smart, good and in the right, without criticism, buts or maybes. Without condemnation of construction in the settlement, without heartrending stories about the undermining of Palestinian civil rights in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, without mention of a Palestinian state or the two-state solution. Trump integrated into his speech some excerpts from the pantheon of Israeli public diplomacy, speaking about the preservation of minority rights, freedom of worship for Muslims and Christians and so on. ...

US, India To Revive 'New Silk Road' Seen As Counter To China's Belt And Road Project

The Donald Trump administration has resuscitated the 'New Silk Road' initiative, 

first announced by then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in July 2011 in a speech in 


US, India To Revive 'New Silk Road' Seen As Counter To China's Belt And Road Project
New Silk Road initiative was first announced by Hillary Clinton in 2011 in Chennai (Representational)


  1. New Silk Road took a backseat during Barack Obama's second term
  2. Donald Trump's Administration intends to revive New Silk Road
  3. China aims to link itself with Europe, Africa through Belt and Road
 The US has revived two major infrastructure projects in South and Southeast Asia in which India would be a vital player, a move that could potentially act as a counter to China's ambitious Belt and Road initiative. The Trump administration has resuscitated the 'New Silk Road' initiative [JB - no citation provided], first announced by then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in July 2011 in a speech in Chennai, and the Indo-Pacific Economic Corridor linking South and Southeast Asia. India will play a significant role in both projects.

A brief outline of the two projects was made available in the administration's maiden annual budget yesterday, which indicated that the 'New Silk Road' project would be a public-private initiative in which India would be a key player.

The US state department said the budgetary request of its South and Central Asia will support the two initiatives: the New Silk Road (NSR) focused on Afghanistan and its neighbours, and the Indo-Pacific Economic Corridor linking South Asia with Southeast Asia.

This request will be leveraged through side-by-side collaboration with regional countries, other bilateral donors, multilateral development banks, and the private sector. It said "the importance of...the New Silk Road grows" as the transition in Afghanistan continues and the US "strives to help the Afghan people succeed and stand on their own."

The state department said it will deepen support for the objectives through "far-reaching" public diplomacy programmes [JB - no citation provided].

According to James McBride of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New Silk Road refers to a suite of joint investment projects and regional trade blocs that have the potential to bring economic growth and stability to Central Asia.

"Following the surge of 30,000 additional troops into Afghanistan in 2009, which President Barack Obama's administration had hoped would lay the groundwork for complete withdrawal a few years later, Washington began to lay out a strategy for supporting these initiatives through diplomatic means," Mr McBride said.

Announcing her vision for a New Silk Road, Hillary Clinton had said in Chennai: "Turkmen gas fields could help meet both Pakistan's and India's growing energy needs and provide significant transit revenues for both Afghanistan and Pakistan. Tajik cotton could be turned into Indian linens. Furniture and fruit from Afghanistan could find its way to the markets of Astana or Mumbai and beyond."

But the New Silk Road strategy took a back seat during Barack Obama's second term when John Kerry occupied the Foggy Bottom headquarters of the state department.

Simon Denyer, the China bureau chief of The Washington Post, recently wrote that Hillary Clinton's idea never really got off the ground, and the Obama administration was criticised by experts for responding negatively to China-backed The New Development Bank.

Through the Belt and Road initiative, China aims to link itself with markets in Europe and Africa through Asian countries and the Indian Ocean. India opposes one of the projects under the initiative as it runs through Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.

The US $46 billion China-Pakistan Economic Corridor links China's restive Xinjiang region to Balochistan's Gwadar port, built with Chinese funding. The port could potentially be used as a naval outpost for the Chinese military.

Experts Meeting on Digital Diplomacy: Indonesian Public Diplomacy Strategy in the Digital Era
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The development of technology and digitalization has influenced various aspects of human life in almost every country. The impacts of technological advances also extend to the realm of interstate relationships, which consequently affect interactions between actors. This circumstance inevitably affects government's strategy in determining Indonesia's foreign policy. Responding to this phenomenon and changes that it brings, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia in collaboration with Center for Digital Society (CfDS) Fisipol UGM organized “Experts Meeting on Digital Diplomacy” on Wednesday, May 17th, 2017. This event specifically discussed the challenges and opportunities brought by the development of information and communication technology in relation to its impacts towards Indonesian diplomatic strategy.

According to the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Abdurrahman Mohammad Fachir in his opening speech, diplomacy must be able to answer digital challenges. The digital world is changing the participants and also encouraging the spirit of openness and transparency. Digital development has also created a source of new paradigms. Furthermore, he stated that diplomacy should be able to seize the realm of public information and provide information quickly, accurately and correctly. The same hope is expressed by UGM and CfDS, as an academic institution that provides education on the development of digital technology.

As the Executive Director of the Center for Digital Society, Dr. Nanang Pamuji Mugasejati stated at the plenary session, digitalization makes diplomatic strategy more efficient. Furthermore, digitalization is also able to optimize diplomatic budget.

The meeting, which was held in the Faculty of Social and Political Science, UGM, was divided into two sessions: plenary sessions and working group sessions consisting of three groups. Each working group discussed the conceptualization of discourse, evaluation, and the future of digital diplomacy of the Republic of Indonesia respectively. The meeting was attended by 30 experts in the field of diplomacy and information communication technology, and more than 100 practitioners consisting of observers, consultants, academics, information technology experts, public figures, and ambassadors, as well as the staffs from several embassies invited.

The results of the discussions from each working group will be summarized into policy recommendations submitted to The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, through its representatives, Azis Nurwahyudi, Secretary of the Director General of Information and Public Diplomacy from the ministry. The document will be used as a reference for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in mapping Indonesia’s diplomatic policies. In the future, more diplomats and ambassadors are expected to be able to take advantage of technological advances in pursuing their national interest.

Fake news website

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Counter-Disinformation Team[edit]
 The United States Department of State planned to use a unit called the Counter-Disinformation Team, formed with the intention of combating disinformation from the Russian government, and that it was disbanded in September 2015 after department heads missed the scope of propaganda before the 2016 U.S. election.[47][48] The U.S. State Department put eight months into developing the unit before scrapping it.[47] It would have been a reboot of the Active Measures Working Group set up by Reagan.[48][49] The Counter-Disinformation Team was set up under the Bureau of International Information Programs.[48][49] Work began in 2014, with the intention to combat propaganda from Russian sources such as Russia Today.[48][49] U.S. Intelligence officials explained to former National Security Agency analyst and counterintelligence officer John R. Schindler that the Obama Administration decided to cancel the unit as they were afraid of antagonizing Russia.[48][49] U.S. Undersecretary of State for Public Diplomacy Richard Stengel was point person for the unit before it was canceled.[48][49] Stengel previously wrote about disinformation by Russia Today.[50][51][52] ...

47 Porter, Tom (28 November 2016), "How US and EU failings allowed Kremlin propaganda and fake news to spread through the West", International Business Times, retrieved 29 November 2016
48 Schindler, John R. (5 November 2015), "Obama Fails to Fight Putin's Propaganda Machine", New York Observer, retrieved 28 November 2016

49 Schindler, John R. (26 November 2016), "The Kremlin Didn't Sink Hillary—Obama Did", New York Observer, retrieved 28 November 2016

50 LoGiurato, Brett (29 April 2014), "Russia's Propaganda Channel Just Got A Journalism Lesson From The US State Department", Business Insider, retrieved 29 November 2016

51 LoGiurato, Brett (25 April 2014), "RT Is Very Upset With John Kerry For Blasting Them As Putin's 'Propaganda Bullhorn'", Business Insider, retrieved 29 November 2016

52 Stengel, Richard (29 April 2014), "Russia Today's Disinformation Campaign", Dipnote, United States Department of State, retrieved 28 November 2016 ...

DFAT's humungous global social media network - and the Left's pet issues it promotes

Thanks to Seeker of Truth for the tip on this.
Below is a list of the official social media accounts operated by DFAT and Australia's diplomatic stations and embassies overseas.
It's gobsmacking in its size and the complexity and thus the time that must go into managing it.
It's also an insight into how our public face and policy positions have shifted - and why.
Social media - Twitter in particular - is the domain of the Left.
Leftist causes are cheered.  Conservatism is derided.
Anyone looking for positive feedback on Twitter will find it in promoting the causes of the Left.
It's like Pavlov and his dogs - but for DFAT it's not just a central few people who are exposed to the classical conditioning of Twitter - it's every single overseas and domestic post and and then at multiple levels within them.
There wouldn't be too many Australian homes over the past couple of months which celebrated Harmony Day, International Women's Day, Commission on the Status of Women, Diversity and the International Day against Homophobia, Transphobia and Biphobia.
But that's what all our posts are required to promote as a reflection of our country's priorities.
Here's a sample of the "issues" promoted over the past couple of months at an embassy I chose at random, Brasil.
Coming from a conservative government, these are strange days indeed.   Who is working for whom?
Screen Shot 2017-05-23 at 4.45.17 am
PS - Update from Seeker of Truth
DFAT recruitment document for position of Public Affairs and Communication Officer in our Embassy in Brazil including this key responsibility -
"in conjunction with the Second/Third Secretary, Education Counsellor and Public Diplomacy Branch develop and regularly update social media engagement and growth strategies for the Embassy’s Facebook, Instagram and Twitter accounts and liaise with Austrade on the strategy for their LinkedIn platform. Engage with other Embassies in Brasilia on best practice and coordinated campaigns. Monitor progress and prepare reports on digital by default wins for distribution throughout the DFAT network."
Salary - BRL 5,795.00 gross salary per month.
Five people are responsible for social media at this embassy being the Public Affairs & Communication Officer, the Second/Third Secretary, Education Counsellor and Public Diplomacy Branch.
Plus the Ambassador himself!