Friday, November 11, 2011
“Conviction and persuasion are not called for in a dialogue. The word 'convince' means to win, and the word 'persuade' is similar. ... People sometimes try to persuade by sweet talk or to convince by strong talk. Both come to the same thing though, and neither of them is relevant.”
--David Bohm, On Dialogue (1996), p. 27. Cited by Georgetown University Ph.D. candidate and writer George Dwyer in his unpublished essay, "Public Journalism and Public Diplomacy"; Bohm image (and biography) at
Watch The Videos The CIA Made To Tell Ronald Reagan About The Soviets, TPMMuckraker
US Public Diplomacy and Democratization
Monday, November 14, 2011
George Washington University
1957 E Street, NW, Room 602
To RSVP, please visit this link; image from
The Debate Over Iran - Mike Brownfield, The Moral Liberal: "Following the news of Iran’s plot against the Saudi ambassador, Heritage’s James Carafano wrote that the Obama Administration should take strong measures to respond to Iran’s actions, including conducting a proportional military response against suitable, feasible, and acceptable targets (similar to military operations conducted against al Qaeda in Pakistan). It should impose and enforce the strongest sanctions, target
Pakistan: Neither Friend Nor Foe… Yet - Rob Asghar, CPD Blog, USC Center on Public Diplomacy: "[T]he U.S. needs to go past an obsession with narrow strategic interests and seek to build a genuine relationship with the people of Pakistan. Those people are convinced—with good reason—that U.S. policy-makers see India as a valuable long-term strategic partner and Pakistan as a nuisance to be managed. In a shame-and-honor-based society such as Pakistan, that turns an America-envying country quickly into a jilted lover."
Principals Come Home More Experienced - John Matel, World-Wide-Matel: "The principal of the year program is unbelievably good from my public diplomacy point of view. It is a Brazilian program that originated in part from a voluntary visitor tour in 1997. The principal of the year award for each Brazilian state and for Brazil as a whole was initiated in 1999. The Embassy sponsored exchanges with the U.S. in 2000 and the first group traveled in that year.
Today’s Facebook chat on Fulbright Scholars features Antiguan - "Caribbean recipients of the prestigious US Fulbright Scholarships will share their experiences throughout November in Facebook chats hosted by the United States Embassy to Barbados and the Eastern Caribbean. ... The final chat for the month will be on November 23 where an officer of the Embassy’s Public Diplomacy office, which administers
USA Africa Dialogue Series - Re: Pyschology 101? Happiness in Context. Libya Liberators - dialogueseriesnew.blogspot.com: "Psychiatrists and other behavioral experts have researched and considered Western-oriented psychology to be faulty in certain areas of therapeutic response to non-Western clients. ... Let me recall a teachable moment:
More discussion of the Rohrabacher bill to require US/China parity in visas for "state-backed journalists" - Kim Andrew Elliott reporting on International Broadcasting
US and China: How India must play its cards - M K Bhadrakumar, Rediff:
Azeri students visit NATO headquarters - "The delegation of the Azerbaijan Diplomatic Academy visited the NАТО headquarters in Brussels on November 6-7. The delegation included 14 students pursuing masters` program in international relations and diplomacy. The delegates participated in the briefing program organized by the NATO Public Diplomacy division."
China’s cyber moves hurting Beijing - Richard Fontaine, CNN World: "A new report by an arm of the U.S. Director of National Intelligence confirms what officials have privately lamented for several years: the United States is the target of a vast array of cyber attacks, many focused on stealing intellectual property, originating in China. ... Beijing has sought to recover from this string of mistakes and to highlight its considerable soft power.
Sino-African Roundtable Talks Mull Closer Economic, Trade Cooperation - english.cri.cn: "The Second Roundtable Conference on Sino-African Cooperation was convened in the city of Wanning in south China's Hainan Province from Nov. 10 to 11. The roundtable talks, which focused on China's African foreign policy as directed through non-governmental channels, is a strong complement to the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), said Ji Peiding, former vice foreign minister and president of the Association of Former Diplomats of China. More than 400 former diplomats, politicians, researchers and entrepreneurs from China and nearly 40 African countries attended the conference. Sun Jiazheng, vice-chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (CPPCC) inaugurated the opening ceremony of the conference. The meeting resulted in the creation of the Wanning Declaration, a document viewed as a milestone in public diplomacy between China and Africa. The declaration underscored the agreement made between China and African nations to enhance Sino-African cooperation, said Liu Guijin, former ambassador to Zimbabwe and South Africa."
The Role of Public Diplomacy in Peace Process - Teona Dalakishvili, Peace Builders Caucasus: "There are two types of peace process diplomacy: State’s diplomacy and public diplomacy. State’s Diplomacy depends on political decisions and interests while public diplomacy is based on more independent individual or organizational initiatives. Public diplomacy highlights the human factor and based on the liberal concept.
For and against an ABC-run Australia Network - ABC Online: "On Monday night the Federal Government killed off the tender process for the Australia Network contract. But debate continues over who should host the service; should it be maintained by the public broadcaster, or should commercial media have the same opportunity? ... Tim Wilson, Director of the IP and Free Trade Unit and Climate Change Policy at the Institute of Public Affairs[:] ... The Australia Network contract is part of Australia's suite of soft power public diplomacy. The Howard government's 2007 foreign affairs and trade In the National Interest white paper described public diplomacy as a 'diplomacy which operates in that area of intersection between the soft realm of image and the hard edge of a country's economic and political interests'. The title of the white paper perfectly encapsulates the objective of the Australia Network - to promote our national interest."
S. Korea to send more water engineers to Libya this month - Yonhap News: "A second batch of South Korean water engineers will leave for Libya later this month to help the war-torn nation restore its water supply services, a Seoul official said Friday. ... 'The government will dispatch another team of water engineers to Libya by the end of this month as part of our humanitarian assistance,' the official said on the condition of anonymity.
from, with caption: A South Korean college student stands under photos
The public outcry over the Roraima Governor’s presence on a PPP/C platform was uncalled for - Wesley Kirton, letter to the editor, stabroeknews.com: "The issuance of a statement by the Federal Government of Brazil through its diplomatic mission in Georgetown reiterating its respect for Guyana’s sovereignty and making its neutrality clear about the upcoming national elections is a welcome and masterful use of public diplomacy. But I am of the view that, in the first place, too much was made of this issue by the opposition parties. Was a public demonstration outside the Embassy of Brazil really necessary? Did the Governor’s presence really amount to Brazilian interference in the internal affairs of Guyana? As a matter of fact, the Governor, as reported in the press, never addressed the issue of the upcoming elections. He did not encourage people to vote let alone vote for any political party."
World Music as Cultural Diplomacy? - Colin Hicks, thevizir.com: "By the 21st century, rapid and globalised communications was making a PR headache out of too open a use hard power and propaganda, and the old diplomacy of influence became the new focus. ... The first variant was Public Diplomacy.
Personal Prestige and National Reputation: Louis XIV, Berlusconi and the Queen - Robin, Public Diplomacy, Networks and Influence: "The origins of contemporary public diplomacy lie in the at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries in the expansion of national governments and the rise of national sentiments. Yet the concern with reputation and prestige as elements of influence were permanent aspects of international politics, see for instance Machiavelli’s The Prince, Hans Morgenthau’s discussion of the ‘policy of prestige’ in Politics Among Nation[s] or Peter Burke’s The Fabrication of Louis XIV. Burke documents in meticulous detail Louis’s efforts use spectacle, public art, support for artists and intellectuals, architecture to construct his own image and secure his power domestically and project it internationally. He shows how the model of the court at Versailles was copied by other monarchs. While today shaping the image of national leaders is normally thought of as an aspect of domestic politics for some countries the image of the leader is an important part of their international reputation. The rise in international opinion of the United States with the election of Barack Obama and this morning’s news that Far Eastern financial markets are rising on the news that Silvio Berlusconi is going to resign as Italy’s prime minister. For many countries who leads them will have little significance while for others the reputation of the leader may significantly help or hinder the image of the nation. ... While the Royal Family is usually identified as an important component of how people outside the UK think about the country there are actually interesting questions to be asked around the role of the Royal Family and the Queen as a diplomatic resource. Asking the question marks a continuity in the role of leadership in building the image of the state."
Public Diplomacy Footnote: When People Really Listened (long, long ago) - John Brown, Notes and Essays: "'Listening' by the public-diplomacy practitioner is increasingly recommended as a sine qua non for effective PD. But it's not always a sure thing that anyone actually 'listens' to a public diplomat, even if he/she tries/pretends to be listening to others. As a footnote to such a situation, I offer this excerpt from The Times Literary Supplement (October 21, 2011, p. 29, review by Peter Marshall of Arnold Hunt,
Business Schools should focus more on communications - newsocialmediabrand.com: "In most universities, the communications department which trains students in Public Relations, Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs tend to be in a different department. Business schools have courses which never cover much on public relations or any form of public engagement. Often, the mindsets of the people in Arts and Social Science (Communications School for many universities) and Business School is very different. The students and much of the lecturers alike have very different ideas on businesses. Generally, an Arts graduate would focus on activism, ethics and some may even believe that big corporations are evil. On the other hand, a business student would believe that one would need to create a lot of networth to be influential and create change. They are not wrong, but most of the time, they will both benefit when they understand their different fields."
Global Symposium helps students integrate international experience with real-world problem-solving - Lindsey Cook, redandblack.com: "Student, faculty, government officials and business leaders will gather this Thursday to discuss changing the world through 'soft power' — not bombs and bullets.
from, with caption: The 2009 University of Georgia gymnastics team
State Department diplomats enrich AWC experience - Kelly Deichert, Maxwell Gunter Dispatch: "New perspectives enhanced the education of Air War College students as 15 State Department diplomats participated in seminars during the National Security Decision Making course last week. 'Having the State Department representatives join us in lecture and seminar discussion was beneficial to us all, and I believe that our guests would say the same thing,' said Col. David Lowthian, an international officer from Canada. 'Not only were we free to candidly discuss our roles and responsibilities, we were able to see ourselves through the civilian lens and better understand how we can interrelate in the future.'... Their visit was an opportunity for State Department diplomats and students to learn from each other about public diplomacy and global issues."
Help the International Girl Scout Leaders on November 11th - texomajetaa.org:
Brand Polokwane: Text in Context - Saul Kgomotso Molobi, Brand Index for Rural Development (BIRD: "First things first! Here’s this researcher’s declaration of interest. He has undertaken this excursion into researching the impact of the FIFA World Cup 2010 on the brand image of Polokwane – and beyond this, how this image compare with those of other towns/cities within Limpopo – after having being involved in the initial stages of preparations for Polokwane to become one of the nine host cities for the matches and also
The way to respond to China: The Pentagon should spare AirSea Battle from cuts. The military concept is America's best chance of ensuring peace and stability in the Western Pacific - Andrew F. Krepinevich, latimes.com: Allies and partners — Australia, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan, in particular — will have to contribute substantially more than they have in the recent past to preserve regional security. If together they can demonstrate their determination to preserve stability in the Western Pacific by hedging against China's military buildup, the U.S. and its allies stand the best chance of convincing Beijing that the path toward achieving long-term security and prosperity lies in cooperating and collaborating with its neighbors.
Lies, Damned Lies, and the Public Relations Industry - Brian Scoles, earthisland.org: In age of Information Warfare, We Must All be Forensic Scientists and RhetoriciansTable 5.1 in
the U.S. Army Counterinsurgency Field Manual contains, among many, the following recommendations: “Learn the insurgents’ messages or narratives. Develop countermessages and counternarratives to attack the insurgents’ ideology.” “Respond quickly to insurgent propaganda. Delaying responses can let the insurgent story dominate several news cycles. That situation can lead to the insurgents’ version of events becoming widespread and accepted.” These are military strategies, intended for managing resistant populations in occupied countries such as Iraq and Afghanistan. But these very tactics may soon come home to roost. Last week in Houston, at an oil industry conference, an executive advised his audience to think of grassroots environmental groups opposing oil development as an “insurgency.” He then recommended downloading and studying a copy of the Army counterinsurgency manual. Image from
Kazakh jihadi leader seeks restoration of Islamic caliphate - Bill Roggio, Long War Journal: The leader of a little-known terror group that operates in Afghanistan and Kazakhstan said his organization seeks to aid in the restoration of an Islamic caliphate. Rawil Kusaynuv, the emir of the Zahir Baibars Battalion, a primarily Kazakh jihadist group that fights in Afghanistan, granted an interview with Haydar al Khorasani from the Minbar Media Project, a jihadist propaganda outlet. The interview was recently posted on jihadist websites. Kusaynuv leads the Zahir Baibars Battalion, which he claims is one several units in the Jund al Khilafah, or Brigade of the Soldiers of the Caliphate. The group has recently emerged in jihadist propaganda, and has released two videos of attacks on US bases in Khost province, Afghanistan.
Countdown to London's War of Armageddon - Executive Intelligence Review: With the imminent release of a new report on Iran's nuclear program from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the propaganda for a preemptive attack on Iran escalated this week to unprecedented levels
Iran more powerful than any other time: IRIB Chief - irna.ir: Iran is more powerful than any other time in past, President of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), Seyyed Ezzatollah Zarghami said here Wednesday. Zarghami who is in New Delhi to attend 49th Asia-Pacific Broadcasting (ABU) Conference made the remarks in his meeting with the Iranian residents, here.
More War Propaganda Debunked - lewrockwell.com: The "former Soviet nuclear weapons specialist" who supposedly helped Iran acquire a detonation system that could be used for nuclear weapons turns out not to be a nuclear scientist at all, but instead spent his entire career producing nanodiamonds by explosives.
Israel's War Threats: Sheer Hollow Propaganda - Kourosh Ziabari, Salem-News.com: Israel has awkwardly and desperately renewed its outworn war threats against Iran in the recent weeks, indicating that it's getting prepared to launch a military strike on the Islamic Republic's nuclear facilities.
Young U.S. Jews aim 'occupy' movement at Birthright Israel: Members of youth section of Jewish Voice for Peace disrupt New York event sponsored by Birthright, say program 'free propaganda trips for predominantly middle and upper class American Jews' - Haaretz: As the various "occupy" movements spread across the United States, headed by the massive Occupy Wall Street events, a group of young Jewish Americans is taking the notion of the "99%" against the ruling "1%" to debunk what they see as the hypocritical U.S. Jewish leadership. In a mission statement titled "Occupy the Occupiers: A Jewish Call to Action," the Young, Jewish, and Proud (YJP), described as the youth wing of the left-leaning Jewish Voice for Peace movement, called out to young Jews to "stand up to the 1% in our own community, the powerful institutions that support Israel’s corporate-backed military control of the Palestinian people and act as the gatekeepers for our community."
Another Iranian journalist sentenced to prison - Payvand: Iranian journalist Mehran Faraji received a confirmed prison sentence from the appellate court today.
Xinhua Blog Shines Unflattering Light on Propaganda Agency - Hsin-Yi Lin and Gisela Sommer, Epoch Times: A Xinhua News Agency blog by an employee calling himself “just one of the Party’s dogs,” has gone viral in Chinese cyberspace. On the evening on Nov. 2, the entry column on Xinhua’s Renren.com blog was updated to: “It’s easy to lie once, yet it’s not easy to lie everyday, and what is more difficult
Abkhazian experts are trying to comprehend what had happened - expertclub.ge: "They in Abkhazia continue to discuss the Georgian-Russian agreement on WTO. Despite assurances from Moscow that it is not going to 'surrender' the separatists, the separatists themselves believe otherwise. Abkhazian experts also express their concerns. Executive director of the centre for humanitarian programs Arda Inal-Ipa is wary of these arrangements and believes that things are not at all like the 'Georgian propaganda' wants to present. 'The Georgian propaganda is that Russia's agreement on the presence of the monitoring group on the Russian-Abkhazian border is recognition of sovereignty of Georgia here - says Arda Inal-Ipa. - I think it's absolutely not true. It is indeed the sign that the border on Psou River is a state border and no more'. In principle, this is what Georgia sought – to register the Georgian-Russian border on the Psou. And, apparently, it has achieved this. Therefore, it is not propaganda but a reality that Sukhumi [the capital of Abkhazia] will have to take into account."
Medvedev warns against nationalistic election propaganda - english.ruvr.ru: Russia’s President Dmitry Medvedev has warned against nationalistic propaganda in the forthcoming election campaign. He stated this during a meeting with the regional media in Russia’s Far Eastern city of Khabarovsk.
No talks about crossings, Priština team chief says - b92.net: Priština team chief Edita Tahiri has said there is no possibility that the EU has been discussing the issue of northern Kosovo crossings with the Serbian side. Edita Tahiri
The Chávez Way - Francisco toro, New York Times: "MONTREAL — Going to the Venezuelan consulate here is not a comfortable experience for me. From the big poster of Hugo Chávez on the wall to the stacks of strident anti-imperialist pamphlets and propaganda newspapers in the waiting room, the message is loud and clear: if you’re not a dyed-in-the-wool Chavista, this is enemy territory. For the last 12 years I’ve been reporting on the escalating authoritarianism and casual disregard for basic civil liberties that have come to define my country’s experiment with 21st-century socialism.
Captain America: The First Avenger - Derrick Bracey, Weekly Surge: The title alone screams cheesy. The propaganda machine of comic books gets made into a film. The final feature film leading into “The Avengers” movie coming next year with Iron Man, Hulk, Thor and a cast of Marvel Comic heroes.
Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination, British Library - Judith Flanders, The Arts Desk: In 1757, what had previously been the royal collection of manuscripts was handed over to the nascent British Museum. Edward IV, who started the collection in the 15th century, had created a collection of books designed to display the greater glory of God and (by extension) his chosen sovereigns and country: the Yorkist leader in the Wars of the Roses used these books, and the images they contained, to create a propaganda machine to suggest that God was on his side.
Westfield Presents ‘Richard III’: Not your father’s Shakespeare - Bonnie Hobbs, connectionnewspapers.com: Since Westfield High’s presenting Shakespeare’s "Richard III," it seems fitting that guest-directing is Dan Crane, a professional actor and teaching artist with The Shakespeare Theatre in Washington, D.C. "It’s a really great opportunity," he said. "I was glad to be invited to do this. It’s a story of good triumphing over evil, but also a propaganda piece Shakespeare wrote for the Tudors. The character of Richard III is depicted as a spider — deformed, disgusting and rotten from within and without. But of course, it’s all a lie."
In the early 1990s, most college students did not need to take out loans. But in 2009-10, 56% of full-time undergraduates at public colleges were borrowers. At private nonprofit schools, 65% had loans. For the first time in our history, student loan debt has exceeded credit card debt.
ONE MORE QUOTATION FOR THE DAY
"Gentlemen, we are out of money. We'll have to think."
Lord Rutherford famously observed when his laboratory faced bankruptcy; Rutherford image from
AND ONE MORE QUOTATION FOR THE DAY
State Department social media guru official Alec Ross on facebook: "Today in the United States we celebrate Veteran's Day, a day of remembrance for our soldiers, which comes on the anniversary of the signing of the Armistice that ended World War I,
Elementary Grammar Exercises