Wednesday, November 9, 2011
"I can hardly imagine they spend the entire day on Facebook!"
--American University student Jessica Andrews, an attendee at the Public Diplomacy conference at George Washington University, "The Last Three Feet," wondering what, aside from using social media, "fills the days of a Foreign Service officer in Public Diplomacy"; image from
US Public Diplomacy and Democratization
Monday, November 14, 2011
George Washington University
1957 E Street, NW, Room 602
NEW: PDiN Monitor, October Issue, USC Center on Public Diplomacy: Nov 2, 2011: "The latest issue of PDiN Monitor takes a closer look at Turkish Public Diplomacy. Turkey's public diplomacy has gained increasing attention recently in the media and not just because of the recent earthquake that struck the country. This issue shines a spotlight on this public diplomacy actor. In Turkey's New Foreign Policy and Public Diplomacy Dynamics, Tugba Soysal Ozoner discusses how Turkey is becoming a major player on the world stage and utilizing public diplomacy. In PDiN Highlights: Turkish Public Diplomacy, Sarah Myers examines critical public diplomacy stories coming out of Turkey in the past month, including issues around the earthquake and the European Union.
BLAST FROM THE BUSH II PAST
Video: Liar Liar Iraq On Fire; via
ONE MORE QUOTATION
"'I cannot bear Netanyahu, he’s a liar,' Sarkozy told Obama, according to the Reuters news agency, whose reporter was among those who heard the gaffe. 'You're fed up with him, but I have to deal with him even more often than you,' Obama replied, according to a French interpreter.'"
--Jason Ukman, "Sarkozy to Obama: Netanyahu is a ‘liar’," Washington Post; image from article
PUBLIC DIPLOMACY IN THE NEWS
“Serious concerns” shroud Iran’s nuclear program: While not a "smoking gun," the U.N. report buttresses U.S. case for tougher sanctions - Michael Adler, Salon: "Analysts and pundits have spent the past two weeks puzzling over the alleged Iranian plot to assassinate a Saudi diplomat in Washington, in part because of a complete lack of either motive or benefit for the Islamic Republic. ... Instead of scrutinizing the 'whys' of Iran’s involvement, it may be more illuminating to examine Washington’s motivation in advancing this bit of political theater.
Iran's Nuclear Project - Michael Rubin, National Review Online: "Sometime this week, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will release a report which, according to press leaks, concludes that Iranian nuclear scientists have sought to create a nuclear-bomb trigger and conducted extensive computer modeling of a nuclear weapon. ... The IAEA’s findings are not only an indictment of Iran, however. They also reveal the fundamental corruption of Mohamed ElBaradei, the Egyptian diplomat who was the IAEA’s director general from December 1997 to November 2009. While his job was to administer a technocratic agency, ElBaradei repeatedly intervened to distort the inspectors’ findings. Rather than confront the Islamic Republic on its cheating, he coached Iranian officials on their public diplomacy. He also repeatedly ignored mounting evidence of secret Iranian facilities until these were publicly exposed by other means."
Presidential Nominations Sent to the Senate - Office of the Press Secretary, The White House: "Tara D. Sonenshine, of Maryland, to be Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy, vice Judith A. McHale."
Obama Nominates Public Diplomacy Czar - Greg Hazley, O'Dwyer's Blog: Covering PR, public affairs, marketing and the world of communications: "Tara Sonenshine, a National Security Council communications advisor during the Clinton administration, has been nominated by President Barack Obama to the State Department’s top PR post targeting the international public. The White House said Obama intends to nominate Sonenshine as Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy, to replace former Discovery Communications chief Judith McHale, who stepped down in July.
Sonenshine is currently executive VP of the United States Institute of Peace, the non-partisan federal institution best known for convening the Iraq Study Group in 2006. A former producer and reporter for ABC News, she held several posts during the Clinton administration, including special assistant to the president and deputy director of communications for the NSC. McHale took up the global PR post at the State Dept. in April 2009 with a goal of helping repair the U.S. image abroad following the launch of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, and the global financial crisis in 2008. She traveled extensively touting State Department exchange and education programs and expressing, among other beliefs, the need for the U.S. to 'listen more and lecture less' and follow a more strategic public affairs approach. 'This is not a propaganda contest – it is a relationship race,' McHale told the Center for a New American Security in Washington, D.C., in June 2009. 'And we have got to get back in the game.' She stepped down in 2006 as president and CEO of Discovery after 20 years there. Karen Hughes, now with Burson-Marsteller, former ad exec Charlotte Beers, and diplomat Margaret Tutwiler held the public diplomacy post during the Bush administration." See also. Sonenshine image from
“Kampala Model” of U.S. Public Diplomacy in Africa praised; Results Include iCow - Adam Clayton Powell III, CPD Blog, USC Center on Public Diplomacy: "U.S. embassies in Africa have created new models for public diplomacy, models which are already producing significant advances. That was the word at a conference here last week from Bruce Wharton, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy for the Bureau of African Affairs. Wharton, who was appointed last year, described the 'Kampala model' of public diplomacy, named for the perhaps unique structure in the American embassy in Uganda. 'In this model all agencies are entitled to PD support,' said Wharton, 'and all agencies are expected to follow and support the PAO’s [Public Affairs Officer]
'Interested in Africa? Probably the best ‘follow’ is the U.S. Embassy in South Africa (@USEmbPretoria), whose wide-ranging feed is a model of good Twitter etiquette and '21st-century diplomacy.' Secretary Wharton made his remarks at 'The Last Three Feet,' a conference at George Washington University, co-sponsored by the Public Diplomacy Council and the Walter Roberts Endowment." Image from
First EducationUSA Fair in Iraq Attracts More Than 1,000 Students - markashwill.wordpress.com: "According to an Institute of International Education (IIE) press release (note: the US State Department outsources EducationUSA marketing and other tasks to IIE), 'More than 1,000 Iraqi students, eager to pursue their graduate studies in the United States, attended the first EducationUSA University Fair in Iraq last week. Students traveled from all across Iraq to meet representatives from 21 U.S. higher education institutions. The fair, sponsored by the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad and implemented by the Institute of International Education (IIE), took place in Erbil (Iraqi Kurdistan Region) from October 14-15, 2011. With the goal of
UGA to Highlight Global Learning - Mike Rast Jr, GlobalAtlanta: "The University of Georgia will celebrate International Education Week Nov. 9-18 by hosting a series of programs on funding foreign-study trips and events highlighting public diplomacy, global cultures and sports. The U.S. departments of State and Education designated Nov. 14-18 as the official week for schools around the country to highlight global learning, but UGA’s Office of International Education has organized events in Athens prior to those dates. The kick-off is a seminar on funding opportunities for researching and teaching abroad through the State Department’s Fulbright Program, to be held Nov. 9 at 12:30 p.m . ... Speakers will include State Department and UGA officials as well as the consuls general of Australia, Canada, Germany, Haiti, Switzerland and the United Kingdom, and the honorary consuls of Denmark, Hungary and Liechtenstein."
First Bell: ‘Wax museum’ brings science to life today at Deerfield; mayor to proclaim ‘U.S. International Education Week’; Tonight’s ‘Science on Tap’ to address argumentation - Mark Fagan, Lawrence Journal-World: "Next week will be U.S. International Education Week in Lawrence, and if you don’t believe me, talk to the mayor. Mayor Aron Cromwell is scheduled to issue a proclamation declaring Monday through Nov. 18 as said week in Lawrence, 'and urge all citizens to join in this observance.'
Maxwell, Newhouse to co-host Murrow Program for Journalists [late entry] - Jill Leonhardt, insidesu.syr.edu: "For the sixth consecutive year, the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs and S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications will co-host 17 international journalists participating in the State Department's Edward R. Murrow Program for Journalists. This year's cohort represents 12 Near East countries including: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine Territories, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yemen. The participants will spend three weeks in the United States, beginning with an orientation phase at the State Department in Washington, D.C. They will be on campus from Nov. 2-8, participating with faculty and students in various academic seminars at both Maxwell and Newhouse. While here, participants will focus on topics related to how a democracy functions and the responsibilities of a free press in a democracy."
Overseas Military Service Photos Sought - wtrf.com: "As Veteran's [sic] Day approaches, remembering the service of military veterans to the American nation comes to mind. Many families in West Virginia and surrounding states have families with military connections with stories to share. In conjunction with the State Department, the Department of Defense has announced it seeks donations of photographs of U.S. military service life overseas from current and former service members for use in a photo recognition exhibition.
Fire Destroyed Nearly 800 Buildings In Boston -digtriad.com: "Five years ago: ... Champion figure skater Michelle Kwan was appointed America's first public diplomacy envoy by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice."
Diplomacy, Analysis, and Decision-Making - the Need for a new Paradigm - Bruce K. Byers, American Diplomacy: "Despite its upbeat outline of a new diplomacy and stronger 'civilian power,' the QDDR [Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review, 2010] remains, in my opinion, a conventional assessment of the world and the challenges facing U.S. foreign policy.
Chinese journalism and American soft power - Public Diplomacy and International Communications: Thoughts and comments about public diplomacy, soft power and international communications by Gary Rawnsley: "On Monday November 7 Xinhua, China's state-owned news agency, celebrated its 80th birthday. Its efforts to create what China's propaganda chief, Li Changchun, described as a 'top-ranking international media organization' have been well documented, with a lot of attention devoted to Xinhua's ambition to follow the example of Al-Jazeera. ... What is worrying is a proposal by US Congressman Dana Rohrabacher and two other Republican congressmen to require parity in the numbers of Chinese journalists in the US and American journalists in China. But here I must make an important qualification; the bill, if passed, will only refer to journalists from state or government-owned news organisations. Apparently the US in 2010 issued visas to 650 Chinese journalists working for state-owned media, while two US journalists from government-owned media were issued vias in China. There are two problems with this: First, parity is impossible. The US does not have a tradition of state-owned media; the only journalists this bill would affect are those working for the Voice of America and other US international broadcasting outlets such as Radio Free Asia (whose journalists cannot work in China anyway). Second, by seeking to restrict the number of Chinese journalists in the US, the bill will damage American soft power. 'An eye for an eye' is a dangerous strategy to win hearts and minds, and by limiting the number of visas for Chinese journalists, the US is sending a strong signal to China which undermines its own soft power credentials." Below image from
More discussion of the Rohrabacher bill to require US/China parity in visas for "state-backed journalists" - Kim Andrew Elliott reporting on International Broadcasting: "It has been my understanding that RFA has no staff reporters in China. China has provided visas only to VOA reporters. Because most domestic media in China are government-owned, and most domestic media in the United States are not, the Rohrabacher bill could create a disparity in the other direction -- and result in fewer Chinese visas for correspondents of US private media. In China, Blue Ocean Network claims to be privately owned. If it were to apply for US visas, a US court might have to decide if BON is truly private."
Congress Should Overhaul BBG Management - Helle Dale, heritage.org: “Congress should undertake much overdue oversight of the management practices and structures of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG). U.S. international broadcasting needs professional management and a transparent structure and does not have it at the moment. ... Options for Congress at this point include: •Undertake much overdue oversight of the management practices and structures of the BBG with a view to rewriting the legislation that created the BBG. The U.S. international broadcasting desperately needs professional management and a transparent structure. •Include an independent strategic overview of the entirety of the broadcasting entities of the U.S. government. This can factor in the BBG’s own strategic review but should also draw on outside media experts and audience research.• Repeal the Smith–Mundt Act, which prevents international broadcasters from showing their products domestically here in the United States. Not only would foreign communities find much of interest and relevance; so would Americans interested in foreign affairs—and in how their taxpayer dollars are spent." Via MC on facebook
The Economist: BBG head of innovation says most Iranians don't know, or care, that "Parazit" is produced by VOA - Kim Andrew Elliott reporting on International Broadcasting: "The Economist, 5 Nov 2011: 'It is no surprise that a satirical television programme called 'Parazit' that delights in skewering Iran’s politicians is going down a storm. 'Parazit', meaning 'static' in Persian, itself a dig at the government’s tendency to block seditious broadcasts, came on the air shortly before the disputed presidential election of 2009.
Every year, around Halloween, the VOA Persian detractors emerge - Kim Andrew Elliott reporting on International Broadcasting
BBC and other international media providing localized editions for India - Kim Andrew Elliott reporting on International Broadcasting
India Blog Series: Sesame Workshop and a new generation of citizen diplomats - Maya Babla, CPB Blog, USC Center on Public Diplomacy: "Sesame Workshop has 30 international co-productions with 120 other localized versions of the program. Episodes of the local Sesame Street are broadcast around the world, addressing issues ranging from religious tolerance in Pakistan to health and hygiene in Bangladesh.
Australia Network is the latest victim in Gillard-Rudd war - Julie Bishop, Sydney Morning Herald: "An important element of Australia's engagement with our region is the taxpayer-funded international television service Australia Network, which broadcasts to more than 44 countries in the Asia/Pacific/Indian Ocean. The broadcasts are a powerful tool of public diplomacy, furthering and promoting our foreign policy and national interests through the dissemination of ideas, information, values and beliefs and building greater understanding among the billions of people who live to our north, east and west.Australian international television broadcasting has been around in one form or another since the early 1990s, when the ABC launched Australia Television International. The ABC operated the service until 1998 when the Seven Network was successful in winning the tender. The service reverted to the ABC in 2002, and the national broadcaster was successful in winning subsequent tenders. The Gillard government announced the most recent tender in December 2010 with the tender documents issued in February 2011. At stake is $223 million over 10 years for the successful bidder, and Australia's 'soft power' capability. ... The ongoing uncertainty about the Australia Network and its operations sends a negative message to our region that Australia does not take seriously this broadcasting service. Furthermore, it again puts on public display the dysfunctional relationship between Prime Minister Gillard and Foreign Minister Rudd."
EU and Japan talk the talk ... - Axel Berkofsky, Asia Times: "The good news (arguably in a sad way) is that realistically nobody expects the EU and Japan to jointly make major contributions towards the resolution of global crises, so any progress or lack of it does not raise too many eyebrows. ... As regards bilateral political, security and sectoral cooperation, the basics have yet to be defined - it remains to be explained plausibly as opposed to vaguely what exactly the EU and Japan meant in May 2011 when they announced a 'binding political agreement'. Whether 'binding' would mean a 'legally biding' agreement which de jure obliges both Brussels and Tokyo to implement the policies and initiatives listed in the (yet non-existent) agreement is yet unclear.
Given the rather unimpressive EU-Japan track record of actually implementing and adopting policies announced in numerous joint declarations and statements over the last 10 years, adding the word 'binding' to 'political' could be part of a 'this-time-its-different' public diplomacy campaign as opposed to a tangible qualitative change of future EU-Japan cooperation in politics and security." Image from
Social Media in Public Diplomacy - Jessica Andrews, International Exchanges: Students at American University blog about international communications: "This week’s Public Diplomacy conference at GW, The Last Three Feet, was a really interesting way to consider some of the theories and methods we have been discussing in class. One thing that was mentioned over and over was diplomacy as an act of understanding. Many of the panelists and Thomas Shannon, the ambassador to Brazil, said diplomacy is not just about talking and emoting communication. They said it’s also about receiving communication, which means hearing, listening and responding. I was surprised by how much the talk revolved around social networking as an official Public Diplomacy method. Obviously the internet and new media have become an important tool for anyone in any sort of communications role, such as someone in public diplomacy. But I was surprised to find how much they used Facebook and Twitter on an extremely regular basis."
CPD hosts Sanders for talk on how the world views U.S. - Jessica Zech, blog.uscannenberg.org: "The Center on Public Diplomacy at USC Annenberg hosted Barry A. Sanders, who discussed his new book, 'American Avatar: The United States in the Global Imagination,' and how the world views the United States. The book focuses on images that people around the world have about the United States
Information Operations Matters: Best Practices Review - Network Practice Test: "Armistead's 'Information Operations Matters' is a thoughtful and thorough piece of scholarship. ... Armistead takes a broad view of perception management as including psychological
EA in the Classroom: Talking Terrorism, Discussing US Foreign Policy - Scott Lucas, enduringamerica.com: "I will be in a series of seminars all day
Ralph Lauren Corporation Names Judith McHale to Board of Directors - businesswire.com: "Ralph Lauren Corporation (NYSE: RL, the 'Company') today announced that Judith McHale, former Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs for the U.S. Department of State, has joined the Company’s Board of Directors. ... Ralph Lauren Corporation (NYSE: RL)
is a leader in the design, marketing and distribution of premium lifestyle products in four categories: apparel, home, accessories and fragrances. For more than 44 years, Ralph Lauren's reputation and distinctive image have been consistently developed across an expanding number of products, brands and international markets." Image from
Pakistan calls accusations about security of nuclear arsenal ‘pure fiction’ and ‘propaganda’ - Karin Brulliard, washingtonpost.com: Pakistan has grown accustomed to foreign news articles and U.S. officials accusing it of collusion with Islamist militants. Government officials typically respond with icy silence. But few subjects get Pakistan’s back up like the integrity of its cherished nuclear arsenal, and that defensiveness was on full display last weekend. The catalyst was a story in this week’s Atlantic magazine, which cast strong doubt on the security of those weapons. According to the article, Pakistan moves its nukes
U.S. put new restrictions on CIA drone strikes in Pakistan: The changes, which came in response to public outrage in Pakistan, have increased the percentage of 'high-value' militants killed by the drone strikes, a study says - Ken Dilanian, Los Angeles Times: The White House over the summer put new restrictions on CIA drone strikes in the wake of concerns that the program was primarily targeting lower-level militants while provoking anger in Pakistan, U.S. officials said.
Iraq, Iran and the Nuclear Phantasm: We’ve Seen this Picture - Juan Cole, Informed Comment: Everything we know about Iran’s nuclear enrichment program points to it mainly being for civilian purposes. There is no known nuclear weapons program as such. Whatever computer simulations or other measures Iran has taken would be consistent with seeking nuclear latency as a deterrent against an invasion. But the propaganda will say otherwise. Just so we remember what propaganda looks like, here is a compilation (video in entry) of the Bush administration’s out and out lies about Iraq’s supposed “weapons of mass destruction” (itself a propaganda term meant to sweep old canisters of mustard gas up with nuclear warheads).
U.S. on smear campaign, Iran claims - upi.com: The United States is spreading propaganda about other countries to divert attention from its economic and political woes, Tehran said. The International Atomic Energy Agency last week said it wasn't able to verify Iran's nuclear activity wasn't used for illicit purposes. In October, Washington accused Iran of plotting to assassinate the Saudi envoy to Washington with the help of a member of a Mexican drug cartel.
America’s Unnecessary Secrets - Elizabeth Goitein and J. William Leonard, New York Times: The danger of excessive government secrecy is a lesson we should have learned over the last decade. Although the proper classification of information is vital to keeping the nation safe, “overclassification,” as the 9/11 Commission found, jeopardizes national security by inhibiting information sharing within the federal government and with state and local agencies.
Al Zawahiri: To plot or not to be - Michel Moutot, sundaytimes: Four months after succeeding Osama bin Laden at the head of Al Qaeda, Ayman Al Zawahiri
Livni: Netanyahu trying to control the press - Jerusalem Post: Opposition head Tzipi Livni said that Prime Minister Binyamin "Netanyahu believes in propaganda and not diplomacy, so he tries to control the press," in an interview to Army Radio on Tuesday. The comments came in response to a decision my the Knesset Economics Committee to table a request by Channel 10 to postpone its debt payments to the government for one year. A postponement would throw the channel a financial lifeline, and prevent its possible closure. "Netanyahu took control over the broadcasting authority. He comes from an ideology that says the media is against him, so the way to avoid criticism against him and his statecraft is to control the media and turn it into a mouthpiece," Livni said.
'Cultural genocide' behind self-immolations: Dalai Lama - hindustantimes.com: The Dalai Lama on Monday said Tibetans faced "cultural genocide" under hardline Chinese rule that he blamed for a recent wave of self-immolations in China's southwest. "Chinese communist propaganda create a very rosy picture. But actually, including many Chinese from mainland China who visit Tibet, they all have the impression things are terrible," the Dalai Lama told journalists in Tokyo.
Why Occupy Wall Street Hasn't Hit Russia - Richard Lourie, Moscow Times: "A few years ago, a Russian friend visited me in New York and expressed a desire to see Wall Street. But when I took her there, she exclaimed with almost angry disappointment, 'That’s Wall Street?!'
Years of Soviet propaganda had led her to expect a vast avenue bristling with monstrous skyscrapers, and here was some small twisty street out of Dickens. ... Can any sort of spontaneous revolt happen any time soon in Russia? The obvious answer is 'no.' Putin is still genuinely popular, and Russians have had enough of tumult and chaos." Image from
PKK hacks Ministry of Finance website - Mehmet Şimşek, Hurriyet Daily News: The Turkish Ministry of Finance has said their official website was hacked late last night by members of the outlawed Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) for "purposes of dirty propaganda."
Kenya: Army Warns of Terror Propaganda - Dominic Wabala, allafrica.com: Kenya Defence Force has warned Kenyans to be wary of an elaborate propaganda by al Shabaab militia aimed at discrediting the military's operation in Somalia. Military spokesman Emmanuel Chirchir advised Kenyans to ignore information coming from groups sympathetic to al Shabaab. " Al Shabaab is spreading a lot of propaganda. Ignore anything you cannot verify and check ownership of media outlets. Kindly be advised that as Kenya soldiers destroy a Shabaab, the militia have heaps of propaganda," Chirchir said on a post on his Facebook page.
Ciudad Juarez seeks image makeover - Rob Reynolds, blogs.aljazeera.net: An outdoor rock concert kicked off a big public relations push by the city of Juarez to clean up its crime-tarnished image. Called “Competitiva Juarez”, the city-sponsored two-week-long series of business, cultural and trade events is meant to promote a city notorious for sky-high rates of murder and drug fuelled crime. Mexican President Felipe Calderone spoke at the opening conference. Former New York mayor Rudi Giuliani and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev will also make speeches.
The Story Behind the Propaganda Masterstroke - Rob Hardy, cdispatch.com: Jew Süss: Life, Legend, Fiction, Film (Continuum) is by historian Susan Tegel, and true to the subtitle it covers all four facets of the story of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer.Süss really existed, but as you might expect, he was not as important or as influential as the legends and the movies represent him. He was born in 1698. His parents died when he was young, but relatives brought
Revolution: A Photographic history of Revolutionary Ireland, 1913-1923 - Orla Fitzpatrick, puesoccurrences.com: This new book covers a period that is particularly fascinating, albeit somewhat confusing, for photographic historians. The Irish revolutionary period offers a rich photographic archive.
Art as Propaganda - jhbutash, art-iculations.blogspot.com: Propaganda still dominates much of our society. From last election's Obama Hope posters, to the current Occupy Wall Street posters, art can definitely become an influential tool. Interestingly, both the Obama Hope posters and the Occupy Wall Street posters
Video: Propaganda – Full Movie - thedropnyc.com: ockOn Snowboarding presents their latest snowboard film, entitled ‘Propaganda’. The full movie released this last week. Filmed
"Cain exhibited no inappropriate sexual behavior during the dinner, though he did order two $400 bottles of wine and stuck the women with the bill, she said."
--Susan Ferrechio, "Fifth woman raises questions about Cain's behavior," Washington Examiner
"Stocks end higher as Italy's PM say's he'll leave" -- Headline in USA Today (11/09/11). See the blog, Apostrophe Catastrophes
AIN'T SCIENCE WONDERFUL
"Study: Big Babies Face Obesity Risk"
--Headline in Express (Washington, 11/08/2011)
NEW SOCIAL MEDIA