Wednesday, October 25, 2017

The Paradiplomacy of Global Cities

uncaptioned image from entry

When you think of cities that have made a name for themselves in international affairs, which ones come to mind?
In a recent discussion of global cities, Richard Stren and Abigail Friendly compare and contrast the city diplomacy of Toronto, Canada and São Paulo, Brazil. Looking at the paradiplomacy of the two cities, Stren and Friendly discovered three major trends:
  1. The practice of paradiplomacy is significant in both the global North and South.
  2. Cities are gaining importance in international economic and political systems.
  3. Local politics in global cities like Toronto and São Paolo are increasingly influenced by the city's international ties. 

The full article, "Toronto and São Paulo: Cities and International Diplomacy," is published by Urban Affairs Reviewand available here.

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