Early modern diplomats were central to the history of news and the development of the public sphere. The article by Helmer Helmers of the University of Amsterdam studies public diplomacy in early modern era Europe.
Secrecy and personal peer-to-peer relations are often the aspects that come to mind from early modern diplomacy. The article seeks to show that public diplomacy was a central aspect of early modern international relations as well. The study looks at how, when, and why early modern diplomats communicated with foreign audiences. It argues that public diplomacy opened up spaces for public debate and created transnational issues. Therefore it shaped the history of news and the development of the public sphere.
A Princeton PhD, was a US diplomat for over 20 years, mostly in Eastern Europe, and was promoted to the Senior Foreign Service in 1997. For the Open World Leadership Center, he speaks with
its delegates from Europe/Eurasia on the topic, "E Pluribus Unum? What Keeps the United States United" (http://johnbrownnotesandessays.blogspot.com/2017/03/notes-and-references-for-discussion-e.html). Affiliated with Georgetown University for over ten years, he shares ideas with students about public diplomacy.
The papers of his deceased father -- poet and diplomat John L. Brown -- are stored at Georgetown University Special Collections at the Lauinger Library. They are manuscript materials valuable to scholars interested in post-WWII U.S.-European cultural relations.
This blog is dedicated to him, Dr. John L. Brown, a remarkable linguist/humanist who wrote in the Foreign Service Journal (1964) -- years before "soft power" was ever coined -- that "The CAO [Cultural Affairs Officer] soon comes to realize that his job is really a form of love-making and that making love is never really successful unless both partners are participating."