The European Union (EU) currently faces many challenges, one of the most serious of which is a crisis of migration. Turkey is of crucial importance in this process: it is a transit country through which an important migration route towards Western Europe passes. Turkey has become a place of political asylum for more than two million Syrian refugees who escaped from the civil war in their country. The migration crisis led to a revitalization of the relationship between Turkey and the EU, and ultimately to the signing of the refugee deal, with its supposed solutions to the migration crisis. This new approach will be illustrated in comparison to Turkey's relationship with the EU prior to the 2013 crisis. Despite a significant increase in Ankara's public diplomacy activities in the EU, these efforts have not led to any long term results. The deal did not provide solutions to the migration crisis in Europe, or to the acceleration of the process of Turkey's integration with the EU.
Dr. Karol Kujawa is an analyst specializing in the Middle East, Balkans and European Neighbourhood Policy. ...
A Princeton PhD, was a US diplomat for over 20 years, mostly in Eastern Europe, and was promoted to the Senior Foreign Service in 1997. For the Open World Leadership Center, he speaks with
its delegates from Europe/Eurasia on the topic, "E Pluribus Unum? What Keeps the United States United." Affiliated with Georgetown University for over ten years, he shares ideas with students about public diplomacy.
The papers of his deceased father -- poet and diplomat John L. Brown -- are stored at Georgetown University Special Collections at the Lauinger Library. They are manuscript materials valuable to scholars interested in post-WWII U.S.-European cultural relations.
This blog is dedicated to him, Dr. John L. Brown, a remarkable linguist/humanist who wrote in the Foreign Service Journal (1964) -- years before "soft power" was ever coined -- that "The CAO [Cultural Affairs Officer] soon comes to realize that his job is really a form of love-making and that making love is never really successful unless both partners are participating."